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Building OpenJPA

See Build and Runtime Dependencies for details on the required Java levels.

Maven

Command Line Builds

These instructions describe how to check out the current OpenJPA source code (from the Subversion source code management repository) and build it (using the Apache Maven 2 build tool). They are written for use from the console, and are known to work on Linux, Mac OSX and Windows.

  1. Ensure that you have Java installed and in your path by running: java -fullversion
  2. Set following maven options to avoid out of memory error:

    set MAVEN_OPTS="-XX:MaxPermSize=128m -Xms512m -Xmx1024m"

  3. Install the build tool, Apache Maven 2.2.1 or later, from http://maven.apache.org/. If it is installed correctly, typing mvn -v from the console will result in text like Apache Maven 2.2.1 (r801777; 2009-08-06 21:16:01+0200)

  4. Install Subversion v1.4.x or newer from http://subversion.apache.org/. If it is installed correctly, typing the following command should output help information: svn help or svn --version
  5. Create a new directory you want to do your work in, then change to that directory from the console.
  6. Check out the sources by running: svn co https://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/openjpa/trunk openjpa-trunk. It will check out the sources to the openjpa-trunk directory. More information on checking out the OpenJPA sources can be found on the Source Code page.
  7. Change to the openjpa-trunk directory, which has already been created in the previous step.
  8. Build OpenJPA by running: mvn package or better mvn install. The first time you run the build, many dependencies are automatically resolved and downloaded. It is common for dependency downloading to fail the first time, which will fail the build. If any of these dependency downloads fail, just re-run the command. You may also add the following to your ~/.m2/setting.xml file (see http://maven.apache.org/guides/mini/guide-mirror-settings.html)

    <settings>
        <mirrors>
            <mirror>
                <id>repo.mergere.com</id>
                <url>http://repo.mergere.com/maven2</url>
                <mirrorOf>central</mirrorOf>
            </mirror>
        </mirrors>
    </settings>
    

If any tests fail, and you want to ignore the failures, instead run:

mvn package -DfailIfNoTests=false

  or

mvn package -DskipTests

An example session is as follows:

$ cd /tmp/

$ java -version

java version "1.6.0"
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.6.0-b105)
Java HotSpot(TM) Client VM (build 1.6.0-b105, mixed mode, sharing)

$ mvn -v

Apache Maven 2.2.1 (r801777; 2009-08-06 21:16:01+0200)
Java version: 1.6.0
Java home: /alt/sun160/jre
Default locale: en_US, platform encoding: UTF-8
OS name: "linux" version: "2.6.18-1.2798.fc6" arch: "i386" Family: "unix"

$ svn --version

svn, version 1.4.3 (r23084)
   compiled Jan 18 2007, 07:47:40

$ svn co https://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/openjpa/trunk/

A  trunk/openjpa-lib
A  trunk/openjpa-lib/src
A  trunk/openjpa-lib/src/test
A  trunk/openjpa-lib/src/test/java
A  trunk/openjpa-lib/src/test/java/org
A  trunk/openjpa-lib/src/test/java/org/apache
A  trunk/openjpa-lib/src/test/java/org/apache/openjpa
A  trunk/openjpa-lib/src/test/java/org/apache/openjpa/lib
A  trunk/openjpa-lib/src/test/java/org/apache/openjpa/lib/test
A  trunk/openjpa-lib/src/test/java/org/apache/openjpa/lib/test/AbstractTestCase.java

 ...

A  trunk/openjpa-persistence/pom.xml
Checked out revision 1065345.

$ cd trunk/

$ mvn compile

[INFO] Scanning for projects...
[INFO] Reactor build order: 
[INFO]   OpenJPA Parent POM
[INFO]   OpenJPA Utilities Library
[INFO]   OpenJPA Kernel
[INFO]   OpenJPA JDBC
[INFO]   OpenJPA Persistence
[INFO]   OpenJPA Persistence JDBC
[INFO]   OpenJPA Persistence Locking Tests
[INFO]   OpenJPA XML Store
[INFO]   OpenJPA Slice
[INFO]   OpenJPA JEST
[INFO]   OpenJPA Aggregate Jar
[INFO]   OpenJPA Aggregate Jar with Dependencies
[INFO]   OpenJPA Project Docs and Assemblies
[INFO]   OpenJPA Examples
[INFO]   OpenJPA Examples - Simple
[INFO]   OpenJPA Examples - image-gallery
[INFO]   OpenJPA Examples - OpenBooks
[INFO]   OpenJPA Integration Tests
[INFO]   OpenJPA Integration Tests - Daytrader
[INFO]   OpenJPA Integration Tests - Examples
[INFO]   OpenJPA Integration Tests - SLF4JLogFactory
[INFO]   OpenJPA Integration Tests - JPA TCK
[INFO]   OpenJPA Integration Tests - Bean Validation
[INFO]   OpenJPA Integration Tests - JMX Platform MBeans
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Building OpenJPA Parent POM
[INFO]    task-segment: [compile]
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------

 ...

[INFO]
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Reactor Summary:
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] OpenJPA Parent POM .................................... SUCCESS [1:23.143s]
[INFO] OpenJPA Utilities Library ............................. SUCCESS [13.749s]
[INFO] OpenJPA Kernel ........................................ SUCCESS [19.251s]
[INFO] OpenJPA JDBC .......................................... SUCCESS [14.351s]
[INFO] OpenJPA Persistence ................................... SUCCESS [10.254s]
[INFO] OpenJPA Persistence JDBC .............................. SUCCESS [46.774s]
[INFO] OpenJPA Persistence Locking Tests ..................... SUCCESS [15.183s]
[INFO] OpenJPA XML Store ..................................... SUCCESS [11.788s]
[INFO] OpenJPA Slice ......................................... SUCCESS [4.437s]
[INFO] OpenJPA JEST .......................................... SUCCESS [4.854s]
[INFO] OpenJPA Aggregate Jar ................................. SUCCESS [10.729s]
[INFO] OpenJPA Aggregate Jar with Dependencies ............... SUCCESS [6.761s]
[INFO] OpenJPA Project Docs and Assemblies ................... SUCCESS [1:41.937s]
[INFO] OpenJPA Examples ...................................... SUCCESS [0.663s]
[INFO] OpenJPA Examples - Simple ............................. SUCCESS [1.475s]
[INFO] OpenJPA Examples - image-gallery ...................... SUCCESS [3.920s]
[INFO] OpenJPA Examples - OpenBooks .......................... SUCCESS [12.961s]
[INFO] OpenJPA Integration Tests ............................. SUCCESS [0.381s]
[INFO] OpenJPA Integration Tests - Daytrader ................. SUCCESS [7.565s]
[INFO] OpenJPA Integration Tests - Examples .................. SUCCESS [0.269s]
[INFO] OpenJPA Integration Tests - SLF4JLogFactory ........... SUCCESS [1.977s]
[INFO] OpenJPA Integration Tests - JPA TCK ................... SUCCESS [0.248s]
[INFO] OpenJPA Integration Tests - Bean Validation ........... SUCCESS [3.213s]
[INFO] OpenJPA Integration Tests - JMX Platform MBeans ....... SUCCESS [7.729s]
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] BUILD SUCCESSFUL
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Total time: 6 minutes 26 seconds
[INFO] Finished at: Sun Jan 30 19:43:50 CET 2011
[INFO] Final Memory: 92M/158M
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------


$ mvn package -DskipTests

[INFO] Scanning for projects...

...

[INFO] Building zip:/tmp/trunk/openjpa-project/target/site/downloads/apache-openjpa-2.2.0-SNAPSHOT-binary.zip

...

$ ls -lh openjpa-project/target/site/downloads/

total 40M
-rw-r--r-- 1 milosz milosz 15M Jan 30 19:41 apache-openjpa-2.2.0-SNAPSHOT-binary.zip
-rw-r--r-- 1 milosz milosz 25M Jan 30 19:43 apache-openjpa-2.2.0-SNAPSHOT-source.zip

Executing various Maven build tasks

Running just the "TestPersistence" test case
mvn test -Dtest=TestPersistence

Running tests with Java 2 security enabled
mvn test -Penable-security

Building and running only the examples included in the distribution
mvn -DskipTests -Pexamples-profile integration-test

Building just the javadoc

First install the jars:

mvn install -DskipTests

Then build the javadoc:

mvn package -DskipTests -Pjavadoc-profile

The javadoc will be output to target/site/apidocs/index.html.

Building just the docbook documentation
set MAVEN_OPTS=-Xmx512m
mvn -f openjpa-project/pom.xml process-resources -Pdocbook-profile

The manual HTML will be output to openjpa-project/target/manual/manual.html.

Building with JDK 1.4 module verification (only for versions of OpenJPA prior to svn revision 640685)
mvn compile -Djava14.jar=C:\Program Files\Java\j2re1.4.2_07\lib\rt.jar compile

Specifying the "java14.jar" system property will cause the JDK-1.4-dependent modules to be compiled with the value as the bootclasspath to the compiler. This can be useful to ensure that modifications and additions do not violate the JDK version restriction of the module. Since the runtime jar location is platform, version, and installation dependent, the exact location of the runtime jar will vary, which is why it needs to be manually specified.

Eclipse with Command-line Maven utilities

  1. Checkout the source as described above
  2. Build the source using Maven as described above
  3. Create the Eclipse Metadata -

    mvn eclipse:eclipse
    
    1. If this is the first project in your workspace to use maven artifacts you need to create a classpath variable named M2_REPO which contains the full path to your local repository. The eclipse plugin can do this for you with the following command

      mvn eclipse:configure-workspace -Declipse.workspace=${path to your workspace}
      
  4. Start Eclipse (3.2 - 3.4 SR2 are known to work) and create a new workspace

  5. Import the OpenJPA projects, by:

    • Select File --> Import... --> General - Existing Projects into Workspace --> Next
    • Select root directory =
    • Deselect the openjpa-examples project
    • Press Finish
  6. A few fixups will be required to remove the errors that exist in the imported projects...

    • openjpa-kernel -> Properties -> Java Build Path -> Source -> Add Folders

      • add target/generated-sources/javacc
    • openjpa-jdbc -> Properties -> Java Build Path -> Libraries -> JRE System Library -> Edit

      • change this to a Java 6 JRE to remove these errors (see below if you can not use Java SE 6)
    • openjpa-persistence -> Properties -> Java Build Path -> Libraries -> JRE System Library -> Edit

      • change this to a Java 6 JRE to remove these errors (see below if you can not use Java SE 6)
    • openjpa-persistence-jdbc -> Properties -> Java Build Path -> Libraries -> JRE System Library -> Edit

      • change this to a Java 6 JRE to remove these errors (see below if you can not use Java SE 6)
    • openjpa-examples. Open up src/main/java and select ReverseMapping folder. Right mouse click.

      • Select Build Path -> Exclude
  7. For each imported project, you'll need to edit the build properties to remove an incorrect dependency:

    • Project --> Properties --> Java Build Path --> Source
    • Remove openjpa-project from the list of source folders

For Java SE 5 users building from the 2.0.x branch, you will need to exclude some Java SE 6 specific classes by performing the following steps for the source:

  1. Open the Properties for openjpa-persistence
  2. Select Java Build Path --> Source
  3. Edit the openjpa-persistence/src/main/java --> Excluded setting to include the following:

    org/apache/openjpa/persistence/meta/AnnotationProcessor6.java
    org/apache/openjpa/persistence/meta/CompileTimeLogger.java
    org/apache/openjpa/persistence/meta/SourceAnnotationHandler.java
    

Eclipse with M2Eclipse plugin

  1. Checkout the source as described above
  2. Build the source using Maven as described above
  3. Start Eclipse (3.5 Galileo is recommended) and create a new workspace
  4. Good references for this M2Eclipse plugin (need to install the plugin into your Eclipse environment)

  5. Import the OpenJPA projects, by:

    • Select File --> Import... --> General -> Maven Projects --> Next
    • Select root directory =
    • All of the pom.xml files should be pre-selected for the svn checkout location
    • You can affect the naming convention used for the generated Eclipse projects (one for each Maven module). Click on Advanced and fill in the Name Template field. I prefer "TRUNK-[artifactId](artifactid.html) " since it helps with workspace organization, but it's your choice.
    • Press Finish
    • Note: You may get a popup internal error at the end of this Import processing. Not sure what the problem is, but it doesn't seem to affect the usage.
  6. A few fixups will be required to remove the errors that exist in the imported projects...

    • openjpa-kernel -> Properties -> Java Build Path -> Source -> Add Folders
      • add target/generated-sources/javacc
    • openjpa-jdbc -> Properties -> Java Build Path -> Libraries -> JRE System Library -> Edit
      • change this to a Java 6 JRE to remove these errors (see below if you can not use Java SE 6)
    • openjpa-persistence -> Properties -> Java Build Path -> Libraries -> JRE System Library -> Edit
      • change this to a Java 6 JRE to remove these errors (see below if you can not use Java SE 6)
    • openjpa-persistence-jdbc -> Properties -> Java Build Path -> Libraries -> JRE System Library -> Edit
      • change this to a Java 6 JRE to remove these errors (see below if you can not use Java SE 6)
    • openjpa-examples. Open up src/main/java and select ReverseMapping folder. Right mouse click.
      • Select Build Path -> Exclude

For Java SE 5 users building from the 2.0.x branch, you will need to exclude some Java SE 6 specific classes by performing the following steps for the source:

  1. Open the Properties for BR20-openjpa-persistence (or whatever your naming convention is)
  2. Select Java Build Path --> Source
  3. Edit the openjpa-persistence/src/main/java --> Excluded setting to include the following:

    org/apache/openjpa/persistence/meta/AnnotationProcessor6.java
    org/apache/openjpa/persistence/meta/CompileTimeLogger.java
    org/apache/openjpa/persistence/meta/SourceAnnotationHandler.java
    

Common 2.x Build Problems

Checkstyle failure due to System.out.print or System.err.print

Changes were added to build so that the build will fail if there are any calls to System.out/err.print(ln). This was done to force people to use the proper logging facilities. If there is an honest reason that you need to have System.out/err.print in your code, you can use the following comments to turn the checkstyle scanner off, then back on again.

// START - ALLOW PRINT STATEMENTS
System.err.println("This needs to be here!");
// STOP - ALLOW PRINT STATEMENTS

Wrong Maven Level

Example Maven output -

[INFO] [enforcer:enforce {execution: default}]
[WARNING] Rule 0: org.apache.maven.plugins.enforcer.RequireMavenVersion failed with message:
Detected Maven Version: 2.0.10 is not in the allowed range [2.2.1,).
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[ERROR] BUILD ERROR
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Some Enforcer rules have failed. Look above for specific messages explaining why the rule failed.

Solution - Upgrade to Maven 2.2.1 or later

Wrong Java Level

Example Maven output -

[INFO] [enforcer:enforce {execution: default}]
[WARNING] Rule 1: org.apache.maven.plugins.enforcer.RequireJavaVersion failed with message:
Detected JDK Version: 1.5.0-19 is not in the allowed range [1.6,).
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[ERROR] BUILD ERROR
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Some Enforcer rules have failed. Look above for specific messages explaining why the rule failed.

Solution - Upgrade to latest Sun JDK 1.6.0 or IBM 6 SDK

Note - OpenJDK and Java SE 7 are not supported at this time.

Missing License Headers

Example Maven output -

. . .
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Building OpenJPA Parent POM
[INFO]    task-segment: [clean, install]
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
. . .
[INFO] [enforcer:enforce {execution: default}]
[INFO] [source:test-jar {execution: attach-sources}]
[INFO] [ianal:verify-legal-files {execution: default}]
[INFO] [apache-rat:check {execution: default}]
[INFO] Exclude: **/javax.persistence.spi.PersistenceProvider
[INFO] Exclude: **/javax.annotation.processing.Processor
[INFO] Exclude: **/*.rsrc
[INFO] Exclude: **/org.apache.openjpa.revision.properties
[INFO] Exclude: scripts/*.list
[INFO] Exclude: scripts/*.options
[INFO] Exclude: scripts/*.dict
[INFO] Exclude: **/.*/**
[INFO] Exclude: **/target/**/*
[INFO] Exclude: **/dependency-reduced-pom.xml
[INFO] Exclude: **/*.log
[INFO] Exclude: **/maven-eclipse.xml
[INFO] Exclude: **/rat.txt
[INFO] Exclude: **/internal-repository/**
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[ERROR] BUILD FAILURE
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Too many unapproved licenses: 1
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------

For the module that failed to build (which in the case above is the root pom.xml) open the target/rat.txt file and search for any "????" occurrences, like -

. . .
*****************************************************
  Files with Apache License headers will be marked AL
  Binary files (which do not require AL headers) will be marked B
  Compressed archives will be marked A
  Notices, licenses etc will be marked N
  N LICENSE.txt
  N NOTICE.txt
  AL    openjpa/pom.xml
  AL    openjpa/src/main/appended-resources/META-INF/LICENSE.vm
  AL    openjpa/src/main/appended-resources/META-INF/NOTICE.vm
 !????? OPENJPA-1621.patch
. . .

Solution - either add the missing ASL 2.0 license header, remove the file from your local working directory (if it is a temporary file that should not be added to svn), or ask on the dev@openjpa list if the file can be added to the exclude list for the apache-rat checks.

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