4.  Plugin Configuration

Because OpenJPA is a highly customizable environment, many configuration properties relate to the creation and configuration of system plugins. Plugin properties have a syntax very similar to that of Java 5 annotations. They allow you to specify both what class to use for the plugin and how to configure the public fields or bean properties of the instantiated plugin instance. The easiest way to describe the plugin syntax is by example:

OpenJPA has a pluggable L2 caching mechanism that is controlled by the openjpa.DataCache configuration property. Suppose that you have created a new class, com.xyz.MyDataCache, that you want OpenJPA to use for caching. You've made instances of MyDataCache configurable via two methods, setCacheSize(int size) and setRemoteHost(String host). The sample below shows how you would tell OpenJPA to use an instance of your custom plugin with a max size of 1000 and a remote host of cacheserver .

<property name="openjpa.DataCache" 
    value="com.xyz.MyDataCache(CacheSize=1000, RemoteHost=cacheserver)"/>

As you can see, plugin properties take a class name, followed by a comma-separated list of values for the plugin's public fields or bean properties in parentheses. OpenJPA will match each named property to a field or setter method in the instantiated plugin instance, and set the field or invoke the method with the given value (after converting the value to the right type, of course). The first letter of the property names can be in either upper or lower case. The following would also have been valid:

com.xyz.MyDataCache(cacheSize=1000, remoteHost=cacheserver)

If you do not need to pass any property settings to a plugin, you can just name the class to use:


Similarly, if the plugin has a default class that you do not want to change, you can simply specify a list of property settings, without a class name. For example, OpenJPA's query cache companion to the data cache has a default implementation suitable to most users, but you still might want to change the query cache's size. It has a CacheSize property for this purpose:


Finally, many of OpenJPA's built-in options for plugins have short alias names that you can use in place of the full class name. The data cache property, for example, has an available alias of true for the standard cache implementation. The property value simply becomes:


The standard cache implementation class also has a CacheSize property, so to use the standard implementation and configure the size, specify:


The remainder of this chapter reviews the set of configuration properties OpenJPA recognizes.