Table of Contents
Logging is an important means of gaining insight into your application's runtime behavior. OpenJPA provides a flexible logging system that integrates with many existing runtime systems, such as application servers and servlet runners.
There are five built-in logging plugins: a default logging framework that covers most needs, a Log4J delegate, a SLF4J delegate, an Apache Commons Logging delegate, and a no-op implementation for disabling logging.
Logging can have a negative impact on performance. Disable verbose logging (such
as logging of SQL statements) before running any performance tests. It is
advisable to limit or disable logging for a production system. You can disable
logging altogether by setting the
openjpa.Log property to
Logging is done over a number of logging channels, each of which has a logging level which controls the verbosity of log messages recorded for the channel. OpenJPA uses the following logging channels:
openjpa.Tool: Messages issued by the OpenJPA command line
and Ant tools. Most messages are basic statements detailing which classes or
files the tools are running on. Detailed output is only available via the
logging category the tool belongs to, such as
for the enhancer (see Section 2, “
openjpa.MetaData for the mapping tool (see
Section 1, “
”). This logging category
is provided so that you can get a general idea of what a tool is doing without
having to manipulate logging settings that might also affect runtime behavior.
openjpa.Runtime: General OpenJPA runtime messages.
openjpa.Query: Messages about queries. Query strings and any
parameter values, if applicable, will be logged to the
level at execution time. Information about possible performance concerns will be
logged to the
openjpa.jdbc.SQL: This is the most common logging channel to
use. Detailed information about the execution of SQL statements will be sent to
TRACE level. It is useful to enable this channel if you
are curious about the exact SQL that OpenJPA issues to the datastore.
openjpa.ConnectionFactoryPropertiesproperty. Also see
Using the OpenJPA DataSource
When using the built-in OpenJPA logging facilities, you can enable SQL logging
SQL=TRACE to your
OpenJPA can optionally reformat the logged SQL to make it easier to read. To
enable pretty-printing, add
PrettyPrint=true to the
openjpa.ConnectionFactoryProperties property. You can control
how many columns wide the pretty-printed SQL will be with the
PrettyPrintLineLength property. The default line length is 60 columns.
While pretty printing makes things easier to read, it can make output harder to process with tools like grep.
Pretty-printing properties configuration might look like so:
<property name="openjpa.Log" value="SQL=TRACE"/> <property name="openjpa.ConnectionFactoryProperties" value="PrettyPrint=true, PrettyPrintLineLength=72"/>
openjpa.jdbc.SQLDiag: This logging channel provides additional
information about entity actitvies such as create, find, update or delete, and eager
loading of relation or field properties. If you enable this channel, it is recommended
openjpa.jdbc.SQL channel is also enabled.
The additional trace can help you relate the entity activities to the execution of
SQL statements that OpenJPA issued to the datastore.
When using the built-in OpenJPA logging facilities, you can enable SQLDiag logging
SQLDiag=TRACE to your